回顾太空行走发展历程


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Who conducted the first spacewalk, whichin 1965? Alan Shepherd, Yuri Gagarin, Ed White or Alexei Leonov. While Ed White was the first American to do it, the first ever spacewalk was made by Soviet cosmonaut, Alexei Leonov.

谁在1965年进行了第一次太空行走?艾伦·谢泼德、尤里·加加林、艾德·怀特还是阿列克谢·列昂诺夫?艾德·怀特是第一个完成太空行走的美国人,而第一个进行太空行走的是苏联宇航员阿列克谢·列昂诺夫。

According to space.com, Leonov originally thought he'd be a professional artist, but his success in the Soviet Air Force led to his selection for cosmonaut training. And when he first stepped outside in space on March 18th, 1965, his government was supportive. His family was not. His father yelled at what he thought was Leonov's misbehavior and said he should be punished, and his daughter cried and said please tell Daddy to get back inside.

据space.com网站报道,列昂诺夫原本以为自己会成为一名职业艺术家,但他在苏联空军的成功使他被选中参加宇航员培训。1965年3月18日,他第一次走出飞船进入太空时,苏联政府给予了支持。但他的家人并不支持他。他的父亲对被他视为列昂诺夫的不当行为进行了怒斥,称他应该受到惩罚,他的女儿也哭着说,请告诉爸爸回到飞船里。

Leonov said he faced a number of life threatening challenges doing that but he didget back toEarth safely. Less than three months later, astronaut Ed White made America's first spacewalk. And four years after that, the space race between the U.S. and the Soviet Union culminated in the American moon landing.

列昂诺夫表示,他面临着许多威胁生命的挑战,但他确实安全返回了地球。不到三个月后,宇航员艾德·怀特完成了美国的首次太空行走。四年后,美国和苏联之间的太空竞赛因美国登月而达到高潮。

International space programs have come a long way since the 1960s', but spacewalks are still considered riskyeven thoughNASA says they've been a crucial part of the construction and maintenance of the International Space Station, the most expensive object people have ever built.

自上世纪60年代以来,国际太空计划取得了长足进步,但太空行走仍被认为是有风险的,尽管美国国家航空航天局(简称NASA)表示,太空行走是国际空间站(简称ISS)建设和维护的关键组成部分,而国际空间站是人类建造过的最昂贵物体。

As an example of that maintenance, two astronauts, one from Europe and one from Japan took a walk outside the ISS on Sunday. Both have completed several spacewalks before. Their mission this time around was toset upsupport equipment for a new solar power unit which will be installed on a future space trip.

作为维护的一个例子,两名宇航员,一名来自欧洲,一名来自日本,上周日在国际空间站外漫步。二人以前都完成过几次太空行走。这一次他们的任务是为一个新的太阳能发电装置安装支持设备,该装置将在未来的太空行走中安装。