饱受伊朗政府蹂躏的LGBTQI社群


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Next, an editorial reflecting the views of the U.S. government.A new UN report on human rights conditions in Iran paints a bleak and disturbing picture. UN Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in Iran Javaid Rehman expressed concern over a wide range of violations, among them the treatment of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender persons, including children.The LGBTQI+ community in Iran faces severe abuse and harassment by authorities. Consensual sexual activity between adults of the same sex is criminalized in Iran, and the death sentence can be imposed as a penalty. Special Rapporteur Rehman wrote in his report, “The criminalization of same-sex consensual acts legitimizes violence by State actors and private individuals, including the use of torture, beatings and rape by law enforcement and vigilantes.”Of particularly great concern, Mr. Rehman cited reports that LGBTQI+ children were subjected to electric shocks, the administration of hormones and strong psychoactive medications – practices, the UN report said, that “amount to torture and cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment, and violate the State’s obligations under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the Convention on the Rights of the child.”

以下是一篇反映美国政府政策立场的社论。联合国的一份关于伊朗人权状况的最新报告描绘了当地严峻而令人不安的状况。联合国伊朗人权状况特别报告员贾瓦德·拉赫曼对一系列侵犯人权的行为表示关切,其中包括对虐待女同性恋、男同性恋、双性恋、变性人以及儿童等。伊朗的LGBTQI群体面临当局的严重虐待和骚扰。在伊朗,同性成年人之间自愿的性行为被定为犯罪,可能被判处死刑。特别报告员拉赫曼在报告中写道,“将同性自愿行为定为犯罪致使国家行为人和个人的暴力合法化,其中包括执法机构和治安人员使用的酷刑、殴打和强奸。”拉赫曼指出了伊朗尤其令人担忧的状况,据报道,LGBTQI群体和儿童遭受电击、服用激素和神经药剂。联合国的报告称,这些做法“构成酷刑和残害,非人道和侮辱的对待,违反伊朗对《公民及政治权利国际公约》和《儿童权利公约》所承担的义务。”

The U.S. State Department’s most recent human rights report on Iran also noted violations targeting the LGBTQI+ community, including death or flogging as punishments for consensual sexual activity, as well as summary trials for those accused of “sodomy.” Additionally, the State Department noted that security forces “harassed, arrested and detained individuals they suspected of being LGBTI” and cited reports from NGOs that “authorities pressured LGBTI persons to undergo gender reassignment surgery.”On February 4, 2021, President Joe Biden signed a presidential memorandum which declared, “It shall be the policy of the United States to pursue an end to violence and discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, or sex characteristics, and to lead by the power of our example in the cause of advancing the human rights of LGBTQI+ persons around the world.”In a statement on the same day, Secretary of State Antony Blinken called the struggle to end the abuses committed against LGBTQI+ persons “a global challenge that remains central to our commitment to promote human rights and fundamental freedoms for all individuals.”The United States urges all countries, including Iran, to repeal laws that criminalize individuals on the basis of sexual identity and/or gender identity. As Secretary Blinken has made clear, “advancing human rights for all individuals, with no exception or caveat, is a U.S. foreign policy priority.”That was an editorial reflecting the views of the U.S. government.

美国国务院最近一份关于伊朗的人权报告还指出了伊朗针对LGBTQI社群的侵犯行为,包括对双方自愿性行为判处死刑或鞭笞,以及对被控猥亵者进行简易审判。此外,国务院报告还指出,安全部队“对被怀疑是LGBTQI社群的人员进行骚扰、逮捕和拘留,”并引述非政府组织的报告称,“当局向LGBTQI人员施压,要求他们接受性别重置手术。”2021年2月4日,乔·拜登总统签署了一份总统备忘录,声明:“美国的政策是终止基于性取向、性别认同、表达方式或性别特征的暴力和歧视,并以我们的典范力量来引领世界各地促进LGBTQI社群人士的人权事业。”国务卿布林肯同天在一份声明中说,终止侵犯LGBTQI社群人员权利的斗争“是一项全球挑战,对我们促进所有人的人权和基本自由的承诺仍然至关重要。”美国敦促包括伊朗在内的所有国家废除以性向认同或性别认同为由对个人进行刑事惩罪的法律。正如布林肯国务卿明确指出的那样,“无例外或无警告地推进所有个体的人权,这是美国外交政策要务。”这是一篇反映美国政府政策立场的社论。