亚美尼亚和阿塞拜疆因领土争端开战


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Our first story concerns a conflict involving Armenia and Azerbaijan, two countries located in Southwestern Asia. They both won their independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. But even before that, they were fighting each other over a region that they both believe should be part of their territory.

今天首先来关注亚洲西南部国家亚美尼亚与阿塞拜疆的冲突。两国都于1991年脱离苏联独立。但在那之前,两国就曾因双方都认为应该属于本国的领土而互相争斗。

The region is named Nagorno Karabakh. It's located inside the borders of Azerbaijan, but most of the people who live there are ethnic Armenians.

这个地区名为纳戈尔诺-卡拉巴赫。该地区位于阿塞拜疆境内,但居住在那里的大多数人都是亚美尼亚人。

Nagorno Karabakh declared its independence from Azerbaijan in 1991. Since then, it's ruled itself with the support of Armenia.

1991年,纳戈尔诺-卡拉巴赫宣布脱离阿塞拜疆独立。从那时起,它就在亚美尼亚的支持下实行自治。

But that country and Azerbaijan continued to fight over the region after a ceasefire was declared in 1994. It was a shaky agreement. It didcalm downa lot of the classes, but it did not calm the tension between Armenia and Azerbaijan. They have continued to grapple over the issue of Nagorno Karabakh.

但亚美尼亚和阿塞拜疆在1994年宣布停火后仍在为争夺该地区而战。那是不牢靠的协议。该协议确实让许多阶级平息下来,但并没有平息亚美尼亚和阿塞拜疆之间的紧张局势。双方仍继续在纳戈尔诺-卡拉巴赫问题上纠缠不休。

The fighting flared up again between them on September 27th. We don't know who'sat fault. Each sideblames the otherforshooting first, and it was the same thing, over a truce they agreed to over a week ago. Clashes followed and both sides blamed each other.

9月27日,双方再次爆发战斗。我们不知道责任在哪方。双方都指责对方先开枪,两国曾在一周前达成停火协议,但这份协议仍以失败告终。冲突接踵而至,双方互相指责。

Over the past few weeks, the region of Nagorno Karabakh says more than 700 members of its military had died in clashes with Azerbaijan.

过去几周,纳戈尔诺-卡拉巴赫地区表示,在与阿塞拜疆的冲突中有700多名军人死亡。

Here's why all of this is internationally significant. The nation of Russia supports Armenia. The nation of Turkey supports Azerbaijan. So, if the fighting continues, there are concerns it could eventually mean the involvement of two much larger countries.

下面来解释一下这都具有国际意义的原因。俄罗斯支持亚美尼亚。土耳其支持阿塞拜疆。因此,人们担心,如果战事持续下去,这最终可能意味着两个更大国家的介入。

The United Nations, the European Union, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and the United States have allcalled forArmenia and Azerbaijan to stop fighting immediately.

联合国、欧盟、北大西洋公约组织和美国都呼吁亚美尼亚和阿塞拜疆立即停止战斗。