美国或在秋冬季遭遇流感和新冠"双重"爆发


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Today's first story concerns a vaccine and a virus but breaking news, it's not coronavirus,at leastnot all by itself. We're talking about influenza. Flu season in the United States when catching the disease is more likely, is in the fall and winter.

今天首则新闻有关疫苗和病毒,但最新消息与冠状病毒无关,至少不都是冠状病毒。我们要谈论的是流感。在美国,更易染病的流感季节是秋冬两季。

That'saccording tothe Centers for Disease Control which says the peak, the worst part of flu season, is between December and February. The flu vaccine is not the perfect solution. The CDC says when it's a good match for the flu viruses that are actuallygoing around, the vaccine is between 40 and 60 percent effective at keeping people from having to go to the doctor for flu symptoms.

美国疾病控制中心数据显示,流感高峰期,即流感最严重的时间段在12月至次年2月之间。流感疫苗并非完美的解决方法。美国疾控中心表示,疫苗与正在传播的流感病毒相匹配时,疫苗的有效率在40%到60%之间,可以防止人们因为流感症状就医。

In some years, the vaccine is less effective because it's not a good match and the shot itself can cause side effects like fever, nausea and muscle aches. But health officials say, it's the best way for people to reduce their chances of getting the flu and spreading the flu. In a typical year, about 45 percent of Americans get the vaccine. It's the same in Britain. But you don't need me to tell you this ain't a typical year. And here's where things can get more complicated in 2020.

在某些年份,由于疫苗与病毒不匹配,所以疫苗的效果不太理想,而且注射疫苗后可能引起发烧、恶心和肌肉酸痛等副作用。但卫生官员表示,疫苗是降低人们感染流感和传播流感几率的最好方法。通常情况下,一年大约有45%的美国人会接种疫苗。英国的疫苗接种率与美国差不多。但无需我多言,大家也知道今年不是普通年份。2020年情况可能变得更加复杂。

Initial flu symptoms look a lot like initial coronavirus symptoms. Doctors say you should stay home with either disease but coronavirus is believed to be more dangerous, and only a COVID test can determine whether someone has it or something else. Those test results can take days to get. So experts say the coronavirus and influenza spreadingat the same timewith similar symptoms can have a pretty big impact on the number of work days and school days people miss this fall. Health care workers are also concerned that the two diseases combined could put a greater burden on the healthcare system.

流感的最初症状看起来和冠状病毒的最初症状很像。医生认为,无论是感染了流感还是冠状病毒,你都应该呆在家里,但冠状病毒被认为更加危险,只有进行新冠肺炎检测才能确定某人是否感染了病毒。检测结果可能需要几天才能拿到。因此专家认为,具有相似症状的冠状病毒和流感同时传播,会对今年秋天上班族和学生请病假的天数产生相当大的影响。医护人员还担心,这两种疾病叠加可能会给医疗系统带来更大的负担。